Tobacco Plains Ecological Restoration

Partners: Tobacco Plains Indian Band, Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, Interdepartmental Recovery Fund

Location: Grasmere, BC

Date: 2006 to present

Description: Tobacco Plains Indian Reserve (TPIR) encompasses a significant area of critical grassland and open forested habitat for numerous species. TPIR is known to support populations of the following federally listed species: the Spalding's campion (Silene spaldingii) plant, American badger (Taxidea taxus jeffersonii), Lewis's wood pecker (Melanerpes lewis), and long-billed curlew (Numenius americanus). The population of Spalding’s campion found on and around TPIR is the only known Canadian population.


Since 2006, KES has worked in partnership with Tobacco Plains Indian Band to study Spalding’s campion and restore critical grassland and open forest habitat for the endangered plant and other species. With funding provided in large part from the Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program and the Interdepartmental Recovery Fund, ecological restoration work to date has involved surveying and treatment of invasive plants; mapping and stratification of ecosystems to facilitate predicting Spalding’s campion subpopulation locations; developing grassland and open forest habitat restoration prescriptions; thinning prescription implementation to address forest encroachment and ingrowth; ongoing surveying, mapping and monitoring of Spalding’s campion subpopulations; and drafting a Federal Recovery Strategy for Spalding’s campion.



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Tobacco Plains Indian Band Documents


Spalding's Campion Inventory & Habitat Recovery


This document builds on the 2010 report and outlines the findings of additional research (conducted in 2013) targeted at recovering habitat for Spalding's campion. The report discusses the need to manage for the health of the species as it faces increasing threats from grassland encroachment, competition from invasive species and habitat degradation.



Spalding's Campion Inventory & Habitat Assessment Works 2010


This document outlines the results of field work conducted in 2010 that yielded exciting results with respect to the number of Spalding's campion individuals present on Tobacco Plains Indian Reserve, habitat preference for the species, and the production of predictive habitat modelling intended to be used as a management tool on the reserve.